Big Indian cricketers failing to quailfy Yo Yo Fitness Test. But what is Yo Yo Fitness Test. Detailed explanation.

The Yo Yo Fitness Test in Indian Cricket Team has been trending topic now. Each and every player of Indian Cricket Team who has been selected for nation side have to pass this yo yo fitness test. Those who fail to pass this test have to get out of the team. Recently Ambati Rayudu who had an extraordinary IPL season got call for England’s tour. But in the fitness test held at Bengaluru on 15 June he failed and as a result got out of the time. Suresh Raina has been announced as replacement for him. Along with Rayudu Mohammed Shami and Sanju Samson also failed to qualify in this test

Last year even big players like Yuvraj Singh and also Suresh Raina failed to qualify this yo yo test. Raina later worked on his fitness and then successfully passed this.

But the thing is that what is this Yo Yo Fitness Test? Still many are unknown from this. So let’s know about this in detail…

A yo-yo test involves a player shuttling between two cones that are set 20 metres apart on flat ground. He starts on a beep and needs to get to the cone at the other end before the second beep goes. He then turns back and returns to the starting cone before the third beep. That is one “shuttle”.

A player starts at speed level 5, which consists of one shuttle. The next speed level, which is 9, also consists of one shuttle. Speed level 11, the next step up, has two shuttles, while level 12 has three and level 13 four. There are eight shuttles per level from 14 upwards. Level 23 is the highest speed level in a yo-yo test, but no one has come close to getting there yet. Each shuttle covers a distance of 40 metres, and the accumulated distance is an aggregate of distance covered at every speed level.

The player gets ten seconds to recover between shuttles. At any point if he fails to reach the cone before the beep goes, he gets a first warning. Usually a player gets a few “reminders” to keep to the pace, but three official warnings generally marks the end of the test.

As a player moves up the levels, the time available to complete each shuttle diminishes, which means he needs to run quicker to reach the next cone before the beep. The player runs until he gets his three warnings, and the level achieved at that point is the test result.

Importance of Yo Yo Fitness Test for playing cricket…

The yo-yo test is mainly derived from the Leger Test, created by Luc Leger of the University of Montreal, which was popular till the turn of the century. The Leger multi-stage test, where an athlete would run non-stop 20-metre shuttles for 12 minutes, was not considered suitable for sports like cricket, which are marked by bursts of activity separated by recovery periods.

“You bowl, you throw, you hit, you run, you have about 30 seconds before the next ball starts,” Andrew Leipus, who was till recently the head physiotherapist at the NCA, says. “So you’ve got to get your heart rate down, your breathing rate down for the next delivery.”

Leipus says that the yo-yo test is not simply a fitness test, in that it also helps players improve their fitness while testing it. He used it as such when he doubled up as strength and conditioning coach at the Darren Lehmann Cricket Academy in Adelaide earlier this decade. “I used to actually run it back to back after 10-15 minutes’ recovery time. Alternatively, I would get the players running at a set level.”

Currently the standard set in Indian Cricket Team for this test is 16.1. Every player has to score atleast 16.1 in this test to clear it. In countries like New Zealand and Austraila the benchmark set is even more higher.

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