What is Graphics? Top 4 Graphic designing programs
Graphics are widely used by professionals in the graphic arts profession. They use desktop publishing programs, image editing programs, illustration programs, and video editors.
- Desktop publishing programs, or page layout programs, allow you to mix text and graphics to create publications of professional quality. While word processors focus on creating text and have the ability to combine text and graphics, desktop publishers focus on page design and layout and provide greater flexibility. Professional graphic artists use desktop publishing programs to create documents
such as brochures, newsletters, newspapers, and textbooks. Popular desktop publishing programs include Adobe InDesign, Microsoft
Publisher, and QuarkXPress. While these programs provide the capability to create text and graphics, typically graphic artists import these elements from other sources, including word processors, digital cameras, scanners, image editors, illustration programs, and image galleries.
- Image editors, also known as photo editors, are specialized graphics programs for editing or modifying digital photographs. They are often used to touch up photographs to remove scratches and other imperfections. The photographs consist of thousands of dots or pixels that form images often referred to as bitmap or raster images. One limitation of bitmap images, however, is that when they are expanded, the images can become pixelated, or jagged on the edges. For example, when the letter A in Figure 3-9 is expanded, the borders of the letter appear jagged, as indicated by the expanded view. .
Popular image editors include Adobe Photoshop, Corel PaintShop Pro, GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program), and Windows Photo Gallery.
- Illustration. also known as drawing programs are used to create and edit vector images. While bitmap images use pixels to represent images, vector images, also known as vector illustrations, use geometric shapes or objects. These objects are created by connecting lines and curves avoiding the pixelated or ragged edges created by bitmap images. (See Figure 3-10.) Because these objects can be defined by mathematical equations, they can be rapidly and easily resized, colored, textured, and manipulated. An image is a combination of several objects. Illustration programs are often used for graphic design, page layout, and creating sharp artistic images. Popular illustration programs include Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, and Inkscape.
- Video editors are used to editing videos to enhance quality and appearance. Once used only by Hollywood professionals, video editors are now widely used to edit high-quality video captured using smartphones and other devices. You can readily add special effects, music tracks, titles, and on-screen graphics. Just a few years ago, video editors were used only by professionals with expensive specialized hardware and software. Now, there are several free or inexpensive editors designed to assist the amateur videographer. Three well-known video editors are Windows Live Movie Maker, Apple iMovie, and YouTube Video Editor.